Science Flashcards for the TEAS 6 2017-06-30T19:00:19+00:00

Anatomy & Physiology TEAS Flashcards

The Anatomy and Physiology section is the largest on the TEAS 6.

In fact, the majority of the questions scored questions will be on the human body. You’ll probably see around 35 Anatomy and Physiology questions on the test. You’ll need to be familiar with key terms of body systems—and how those body systems relate to each other.

Where is protein mainly digested?

Stomach

Proteins are largely digested in the stomach with enzymes.

What's the heel bone's name?

Calcaneus

You’ll need to know the major bones of the body.

What bone cell makes new bone?

Osteoblasts

Osteoblasts build bone.

Where do T-Cells mature?

Thymus

The T stands for thymus, a gland by the lungs.

Which skin layer contains hair follicles?

Dermis

Hair follicles are in the middle layer, the dermis.

Where is the site of gas exchange in the lungs?

Alveoli

Alveoli are little sacs in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged.

What insulates an axon?

Myelin Sheath

The Myelin Sheath helps the nerve’s electrical messages.

What connects the ovaries to the uterus?

Fallopian Tubes

Fallopian Tubes are the site of fertilization.

Which gland regulates the wake/sleep cycle?

Pineal

The pineal gland is in the brain and releases melatonin.

Which glands make skin oil?

Sebaceous

You’ll need to know the 3 major glands of the integumentary system.

Which heart chamber pumps blood to the lungs?

Right ventricle

Ventricles pump blood; atria receive blood.

Which organ makes insulin?

Pancreas

The pancreas makes insulin, glucagon, and pancreatic juices.

Where does carbohydrate digestion begin?

Mouth

Carbohydrate digestion begins first.

What type of bone is the cranium?

Flat

You’ll need to know 4 types of bones for the TEAS.

What tissue rings the trachea?

Cartilage

Cartilage is strong and protective.

What is the primary tissue of bone?

Collagen

Bone is a mostly of collagen, along with some minerals.

What is the filtering unit of a kidney?

Nephron

You’ll need to know the basic anatomy of a nephron.

What causes tuberculosis?

Bacteria

The bacteria infect the lungs.

Biology TEAS Flashcards

Biology questions on the TEAS 6 focus on genetics.

You’ll want to know how DNA, genes, and chromosomes work together. You’ll also need to be familiar with the functions of several important organelles. On the TEAS 6, you’ll see around 5 biology questions.

Which organelle makes proteins?

Ribosomes

Memorize this for the TEAS!

Muscle cells have a lot of which organelle?

Mitochondria

Muscle cells mean movement, so they need a lot of energy.

What is a collection of cells called?

Tissue

Cells work together to form tissues.

What makes the mitotic spindle?

Microtubule

Gotta keep those chromosomes in order!

What makes ribosomes?

Nucleolus

…Don’t confuse this with the nucleus.

Which organelle contains digestive enzymes?

Lysosome

Lysosomes help clean up cells.

What pairs with adenine in DNA?

Thymine

Memorize: A pairs with T, and C pairs with G.

What type of bond connects base pairs?

Hydrogen

DNA is all about hydrogen bonds.

How many amino acids are there?

20

Amino acids join and form proteins.

What is a gene variation called?

Allele

Alleles tend to be either dominant or recessive.

What is a phenotype?

The expression of a gene

Phenotypes are often the physical characteristics we see.

What is the dihybrid ratio?

9:3:3:1

Yep, you’ll need to know your Punnett squares on the TEAS!

Chemistry TEAS Flashcards

Chemistry— don’t panic!

You’ll see around 5 (give or take) chemistry questions on the TEAS 6. In order to do well, you’ll need to understand how the periodic table is organized. You’ll also need to understand the basics of chemical bonds. You can do it!

What is water's triple point?

Where water exists as a solid, liquid, and gas

Pretty wild, right? It’s a matter of temperature and pressure.

What is a bond between a metal and non-metal called?

Ionic bond

Oh, yeah, you better know your bonds.

Does gas have a fixed shape?

Nope

Gas fills to fit the container.

What is an atom with a change in neutrons called?

Isotope

Isotopes occur naturally and vary in mass.

What is a cation?

Positively charged ion

You know the name for a negative ion?

Where are elements with d orbitals?

Transition Metals

These are the elements in the middle of the table.

If an atom loses 2 electrons, what is the charge?

+2

It’s now a cation.

What type of bond is in glucose?

Covalent

Learn the difference between ionic and covalent bonds!

Mass divided by volume = ?

Density

Memorize the formula for density!

Name the type of enzyme that increases reaction rate.

Catalyst

Be sure you know the basics of how catalysts work.

What's the pH of an acid?

Below 7

Acids have lower pH.

What is a bond between non-metals called?

Covalent

More bonding!!